Gadamer i filozofijska hermeneutika [Book Review] 55 (4) Klasična I Filozofska Hermeneutika. Gadamerova Hermeneutika a Nedogmatická Dialektika. Filozofska Hermeneutika I Estetička Teorija: Ontologija I Filozofija Jezika: Etika– Drugo D. Barbarić I T. Bracanović (Ur.): Gadamer I Filozofijska Hermeneutika. hans gadamer: hermeneutika (megértés tudománya) művészet olyan emberi produktum, melyet megértésre szántak művészet úgy működik, mint nincs.
|Genre:||Health and Food|
|Published (Last):||15 December 2006|
|PDF File Size:||10.51 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.63 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He was a Protestant Christian. Gadamer was born in MarburgGermany the son of Johannes Gadamer — a pharmaceutical chemistry professor who later also served as the rector of the University of Marburg. He resisted his father’s urging to take up the natural sciences and became more and more interested in the humanities.
His mother, Emma Karoline Johanna Geiese — died of diabetes while Hans-Georg was four years old, and he later noted that this may have had an effect on his decision to not pursue scientific studies.
Jean Grondin describes Gadamer as finding in his mother “a poetic and almost religious counterpart to the iron fist of his father”. Shortly thereafter, Gadamer moved to Freiburg University and began studying with Martin Heideggerwho was then a promising young scholar who had not yet received a professorship.
It was Heidegger’s influence that gave Gadamer’s thought its distinctive cast and led him away from the earlier neo-Kantian influences of Natorp and Hartmann. Gadamer studied Aristotle both under Edmund Husserl and under Heidegger.
Gadamer habilitated in and spent most of the early s lecturing in Marburg. Unlike Heidegger, who joined the Nazi Party in May and continued as a member until the party was dissolved following World War II, Gadamer was silent on Nazismand he was not politically active during the Third Reich.
Gadamer did not join the Nazis, and he did not serve in the army because of the polio he had contracted in In April he became a temporary professor at Marburg,  then in he received a professorship at Leipzig University. The level of Gadamer’s involvement with the Nazis has been disputed in the works of Richard Hermeneutuka  and Teresa Orozco. Gadamer scholars have rejected these assertions: Jean Grondin has said that Orozco is engaged in a “witch-hunt”  while Donatella Di Cesare said that “the archival material on which Orozco bases her argument is actually quite negligible”.
He remained in this position, as emeritus, until his death in at the age of The debate was inconclusive, but marked hermeneutikka beginning of warm relations between the two men. It was Gadamer who secured Habermas’s first professorship in the University of Heidelberg. InGadamer invited Tomonobu Imamichi for lectures at Heidelberg, but their relationship became very cool after Imamichi alleged that Heidegger had taken his concept of Dasein out of Okakura Kakuzo ‘s concept of das in-der-Welt-sein to be in the being in the world expressed in The Book of Teawhich Imamichi’s teacher had offered to Germeneutika inafter having followed lessons with him the year before.
InGadamer attempted to engage with Jacques Derrida at a conference in Paris but it proved less enlightening because the two thinkers had little in common. After Gadamer’s death, Derrida called their failure to find common ground one of the worst debacles of hermenuetika life and expressed, in the main obituary for Gadamer, his great personal and philosophical respect. Bernstein said that “[a] genuine dialogue between Gadamer and Derrida has never taken place.
This is a shame because there are crucial and consequential issues that arise between hermeneutics and deconstruction”.
On February 11,the University of Heidelberg celebrated Gadamer’s one hundredth birthday with a ceremony and conference. Gadamer’s last academic engagement was in the summer of at an annual symposium on hermeneutics that two of Gadamer’s American students had organised.
Gadamer’s philosophical project, as explained hermeneutjka Truth and Methodwas to elaborate on the concept of ” philosophical hermeneutics “, which Heidegger initiated but never dealt with at length.
Gadamer’s goal was to uncover the nature of human understanding. In Truth and MethodGadamer argued that “truth” and “method” were at odds with one another.
Tomislav Ćavar, Gadamer i filozofijska hermeneutika – PhilPapers
For Gadamer, “the experience of art is exemplary in its provision of truths that are inaccessible by scientific methods, and hwrmeneutika experience is projected to the whole domain of human sciences.
Hermeneeutika the other hand, he took issue with the traditional German approaches to the humanities, represented for instance by Friedrich Schleiermacher and Wilhelm Diltheywho believed that meaning, as an object, could be found within a text through a particular process that allowed for a connection with the author’s thoughts that led to the creation of a text Schleiermacher or the situation that led to an expression of human inner life Dilthey.
However, Gadamer argued meaning and understanding are not objects to be found through certain methods, but are inevitable phenomena. Gadamer intended Truth and Method to be a hermeneuyika of what we always do when we interpret things even if we do not know it: The tradition in which an interpreter stands establishes “prejudices” that affect how he or she will make interpretations.
For Gadamer, interpreting a text involves a fusion of horizons Horizontverschmelzung. As an interpreter seeks to understand a text, a common horizon emerges. Gadamer further explains the hermeneutical experience as a dialogue. To justify this, he uses Plato’s dialogues as a model for how we are to engage with written texts. The “meaning” emerges not as an object that lies in the text or in the interpreter, but rather an event that results from the interaction of the two.
Truth and Method was published twice in English, and the revised edition is now considered authoritative.
The German-language edition of Gadamer’s Collected Works includes a volume in which Gadamer elaborates his argument and discusses the critical response to the book. Gadamer’s Truth and Method has become an authoritative work in the communication ethics field, spawning several prominent ethics theories and guidelines. The most profound of these is the formulation of the dialogic coordinates, a standard set of prerequisite communication elements necessary for inciting dialogue.
Adhering to Gadamer’s theories regarding bias, communicators can better initiate dialogic transaction, allowing biases to merge and promote mutual understanding and learning. Gadamer also added philosophical substance to the notion of human health.
In The Enigma of HealthGadamer explored what it means to heal, as gadamwr patient and a provider. In this work the practice and art of medicine are thoroughly examined, as is the inevitability of any cure.
In addition to his work in hermeneutics, Gadamer is also well known for a long list of publications on Greek philosophy. Indeed, while Truth and Method became central to his later career, much of Gadamer’s early life centered herkeneutika studying Greek thinkers, Plato and Aristotle specifically.
In the Italian introduction to Truth and MethodGadamer said that his work on Greek philosophy was “the best and most original part” of his career.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. MarburgGerman Empire. Continental philosophy Hermeneutics Ontological hermeneutics  Hermeneutic phenomenology .
Hans-Georg Gadamer (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Practical philosophy  Historically-effected consciousness Fusion of horizons. Schmidt Gianni Vattimo Jean Grondin. Retrieved 16 January As a Protestant, I have always found especially significant the controversy over the Last Supper, which raged in the Protestant Church, particularly between Luther and Zwingli.
Argument Hamburg,p. The Cambridge Companion to Gadamer. Retrieved March 25, Tokyo, International House of Japan: Archived from the original PDF on 28 December Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 21 May Gadamer scholars Gadamer—Derrida debate.
Index of language articles. Causal theory of reference Contrast theory of meaning Contrastivism Conventionalism Cratylism Deconstruction Descriptivist theory of names Direct reference theory Dramatism Expressivism Linguistic determinism Logical atomism Logical positivism Mediated reference theory Nominalism Non-cognitivism Phallogocentrism Quietism Relevance theory Semantic externalism Yadamer holism Structuralism Supposition theory Symbiosism Theological noncognitivism Theory of descriptions Verification theory.